Bath salts are a relatively new category of commercial designer drug. The name comes from instances where the original drugs were disguised as bath salts, also known as batholiths. The bath salts, powdery white crystals, or powders, often resemble Epsom salt but are different chemically. When used to treat mild to moderate depression, it is not usually an addictive substance; however, when taken in excess, it can become habit forming.
The bath salts’ producers claim that bath salt users will not experience addiction. It is true that there have been no addiction cases reported. There is a strong synthetic smell which may make the abuser’s decision to buy more. Withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, irritability, insomnia, and even panic attacks. This synthetic aspect makes it difficult to diagnose drug abuse or addiction, especially in children who are highly impressionable.
Unlike most psychoactive drugs, MPV drugs do not affect brain chemistry like other drugs do. Because bath salts mimic the effects of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, and other amphetamines, it is easy for bath salt users to start abusing them. Children, teens, and adults alike often experiment with these drugs. When abuse is suspected, police must be alerted to prevent the abuse from progressing into abuse or addiction. Arresting users and shutting down the production or distribution areas could result in the arrest of the producers and distributors, as well.
Because bath salts are relatively new in the market place, the public is largely unaware of their harmful properties. Treatment programs for substance abuse are not widespread in the country as they are for other types of drugs. Many of the treatment programs and rehabilitation centers focus more on alcohol and mental health issues, because they are much more common. Because bath salts are relatively new and therefore have not received much attention from substance abuse treatment programs or rehabilitation centers, it is imperative that parents get their young adults into treatment programs immediately in order to prevent the use of bath salts among their young adult family members.
Most bath salt drugs are made with ephedrine or phenobarbital, which are highly addictive stimulants. They work by creating a sense of well being in the user, often by triggering a euphoric state. The drugs often are taken several times a day, leading to a rapid development of physical dependence. When the chemicals reach the central nervous system of the user, they act in a manner similar to cocaine, methamphetamines, and heroin. As their popularity grows, bath salts are being sold in public markets, often under the impression that they are legal, and can be purchased over the counter.
Although many users do not become addicted to bath salt, they can develop serious medical problems if they are continuing to use them on a regular basis. Among other things, they can cause hallucinations, severe depression, and even panic attacks if used excessively. Those who take them on a regular basis, and especially combination medications such as Ritalin, suffer from insomnia, anxiety disorders, panic attacks, mania, and depression.
It has been established that bath salts can cause cardiac arrhythmias, high blood pressure, strokes, and heart attacks. Because bath salts increase the heart rate and make the heart muscle work faster than normal, the risk of these types of problems increases greatly. Those who take them on a regular basis are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, and heart failure. Other symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias include sweating, dizziness, nausea, dizziness, hyperventilation, palpitations, tachycardia, claudication, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, heartburn, and diarrhea.
Psychotic episodes, also called paranoid delusions, are another set of symptoms caused by bath salt use. Individuals who experience these symptoms often believe that they are being stalked, threatened, gagged, choked, hypnotized, or are having sexual intercourse with invisible people. Psychotic episodes may be triggered by a bath salt overdose, the taking of certain medications, the seeing or hearing of a ghost, or by a traumatic event. Psychotic episodes can be very dangerous and even deadly. If you believe you have experienced a psychotic episode, seek help immediately.